Allocation of humanitarian aid after a weather disaster

No Thumbnail Available
Mogge L.
McDonald M.
Knoth C.
Teickner H.
Purevtseren M.
Pebesma E.
Kraehnert K.
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
This paper tests whether need or political economy factors determine the allocation of humanitarian aid in the wake of the 2015/16 winter disaster in Mongolia. The identification strategy exploits the exogenous nature of the extremely cold, snowy winter and its spatial variation across Mongolia as well as the fact that the Government defined clear criteria of need across districts based on meteorological risk projections. Using rich district-level data, we distinguish between humanitarian aid delivered by the Mongolian Government and by international donors at the extensive margin (whether a district received any aid) and intensive margin (targeted households per district). Results show that projected need is the strongest predictor for the allocation of international humanitarian aid across districts. Projected need is less relevant for the allocation of governmental humanitarian aid. We do not find evidence that political alignment or core voter considerations matter for either governmental or international humanitarian aid in this young democracy. � 2023 Elsevier Ltd
Aid allocation, Humanitarian aid, Mongolia, Political economy, Weather disaster